The artistic prohibition that Islamic religious art has that christian art did not have was the use of religious figures and humans and animals.
Much of Islamic art used geometric patterns and the use of a lot of different types of patterns like vegetal and calligraphy from the Koran was very commonly seen.
The use of animals would be allowed in secular luxury art but not in religious Islamic art. The use of human figures would also be more allowed.
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The Museum of Islamic Art, Qatar
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
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