Photographs from the civil rights movement: Chloe malone

Here you will find a collection of a series of ten images photographed during the Civil Rights Movement. Images from this series encompass social movements in the United States whose goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against African-Americans during the time period. Each of the photographs from the following series was photographed by a particular photographer with a certain artistic idea or concept in mind to portray to the viewer. Some of these artistic elements include: color, space, rhythm, and unity. 

This photograph features Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. uniting hands with several African Americans in Baltimore during the Civil Rights Movement. This photograph greatly represents artistic themes such as repetition and unity. The repetition of people uniting to hold hands with Dr. King gives the viewer a sense of unity amongst what they are fighting for. The photographer, Leonard Freed depicts each of these people are seemingly gathered together for one cause that they all strongly believe in this image.
Depicted in the photograph is an African American woman seemingly having her fingerprints taken by a police officer during the Civil Rights movement. The woman in this photo is Rosa Parks, widely known for her act of defiance and the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Emphasis and Focus are visual elements of design you can see depicted in this photograph. Emphasis/ Focus in art can be used to draw the viewers attention to a specific area of interest. Here, there seems to be an emphasis on the area of each persons hands where you can clearly see the officer fingerprinting Rosa Parks.
Captured here is another Civil Rights themed photograph. This photograph captures the image of a young African-American boy roaming across the land. The photographer here seems to have used the technique of proportion. Using proportion the boy is featured far off in the background. The image also features the words "This land is our land" in white text across the bottom of the piece. This image features a focus on the written words to help convey a particular theme: equality.
Seen in this photograph is an African American woman, protesting at the March on Washington, D.C in 1963. The photographer chose for the photograph to be a close up portrait image of the woman. Many artistic themes can be found in this photo. The woman in the image looks worn down, but passionate for her cause. It seems that the photographer of this image chose to picture the woman up close to convey her face as an area of focus. The image also evokes the emotion of sadness for the viewer because of the woman's visible ache for equality.
Shown here is a photograph of Huey Newton, a co-founder of the "Black Panther Party". The Black Panther Party was an association created as a result of the mistreatment of African Americans by law enforcement and the KKK during the Civil Rights Movement. Depicted in the photograph is Mr. Newton seated in a large wicker chair and positioned with a spear in one hand and a large shotgun in the other hand. This photograph shows Balance in regards to artistic technique. Balance refers to the arrangement of elements in a composition so the visual weight is evenly distributed. Here, the balance is held by Huey Newton with the two weapons held in his left and right hands on either side of him.
This photographic image depicts two members from the "Black Panther Party", an association created as a result of the mistreatment of African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement. The two members of the association are fixated outside of the Black Panther Party Headquarters. The artistic element of Rhythm is easily depicted in this image. Rhythm can be used to create a feeling of organized movement with the repeated use of specific elements. In this photograph, the repeated elements are the two African American men as well as each of their shotguns. The use of Rhythm in this photo creates a theme of the Black Panther Party's organized movement.
This photograph was taken at "The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom" in Washington, DC in 1963. This particular march was one of many organized by leaders of various civil rights groups, including CORE and NAACP. The march featured many speakers including Martin Luther King. This march is actually when Dr. King delivered his very famous "I Have a Dream" speech. This photograph has many artistic elements. Two of those elements are themes of unity/ repetition and rhythm. In art, repetition of elements (like the signs of protest) can be used to show unity. The element of Rhythm is also shown in this photo because the viewer can see the depiction of unity of the protestors marching together in an organized movement.
This image was taken during the Civil Rights Movement where members of the Klu Klux Klan picketing a newly de-segregated hotel a little ways from a segregated restaurant where a group of civil rights workers were protesting. Featured in this particular image is a woman holding a sign that says "Atlanta's Image is a Fraud". Though we cannot know exactly what her words are refereeing to, we gather that the woman is protesting segregation. Though photographs from this point in time are all black and white images, this photo seems to communicate something through the darkest colors of black in this image. The darkness of the shadows around the members of the Klu Klux Klan seem to illustrate a theme of color. In art, color can be used to communicate ideas, emotions, and mood. Here, the darkness around the Klu Klux Klan members conveys a dark and saddened mood for the photograph.
The poster here is a protest for the arrest of African American woman, Angela Davis during the Civil Rights movement. The photograph on the poster is a close of portrait like shot of Angela Davis herself, protesting into a microphone. The up close photo of Davis shows great emphasis and focus on her face while she seemingly yells protest into the microphone. A photographer could use this theme of focus to convey the frustration of Davis to the audience. There could also be a theme of space conveyed in this photo. Space could be noted as a theme for this photo because there is none. The photograph perfectly captures Davis' head and nothing else. I believe this artistic technique is used to convey to the viewer that the image of Davis herself is so powerful, you do not need anything else.
Credits: All media
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