Museum of Ancient Greek History 

Sam Mattingly

This Early Bronze Age vessel is believed to have been used for funerary purposes. It comes from the Minoan civilization. It helps us to understand the burial rituals of the civilizations of that time as well as understanding the types of tools that Greeks of this time. It also reminds us that we still have a lot to learn about these people.
This is the side piece of a burial larnax (coffin). This artifact comes from late Bronze Age Mycenae and tells us about the care and respect the Greeks had for the dead. This also helps us to more deeply understand burial practices of these societies.
This artifact is a late Dark Age gold sheet ornament found on the island of Skyros. This sheet ornament depicts a soldier going into battle, showing the growing importance Greeks were placing on war. This sheet ornament was used in the burial ceremony and tells us about the person being buried, specifically that he was a warrior. This is another artifact that shows the importance of death in Greek society.
This is an axe-head from the Archic period that contains an inscription that says it was dedicated to the gods by a butcher named Kyniskos who had become wealthy and wanted to thank the gods for his good fortune. This shows the high esteem that these people placed on the gods in their society and the high importance placed on sacrifices to the gods.
This is a coin from the very beginning of the Classical period that shows the prominence that war, death, and mythology played in society. The man is the mythological hero, Protesilaus, the first Aechean to step foot on and die at Troy. This shows another way in which Greeks honored their dead.
This Classical Age grave stele (headstone) shows a young boy in the nude. Being portrayed nude on your gravestone was considered a sign of honor. This shows the amount of respect that was given to the dead in Greek societies. It also tells us about their reverence for youth.
This Classical Era carving was found on the slopes of the Acropolis and depicts a boy making an offering to Asclepios so he can be healed. This is an important artifact because it shows how extravagant sacrifices were and how big of a deal they were to these people. They tried to please the gods so they would might be seen as favorable to them. It also shows that, although they see death as an honor, they still value their life.
The scenes depicted on this Archaic Age pottery piece show a funeral scene with mourners as the prominent artwork. There are also scenes with warriors and animals. It shows the importance the civilization placed on warriors, death, and sacrifice. This is the centerpiece of my collection because it contains a mix of the many different Greek subcultures and how they treated death and sacrifice in their cultures. The relationship between these cultures can be explained through this piece because it contains depictions of things sacred in all eras of Ancient Greek history.
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