By the 17th Century, the medicalization of childbirth was coming into existence. However, as represented by the male doctor in the painting, the humors were still the predominate means of medical analysis (he is analyzing her urine for a suspected baby). Western art of the 17th century focused on scenes depicting events of day-to-day life. Although van Mieris' pieces seemingly presents a dramatic representation of an expectant mother, his work, in addition to others during this time period, presents a more pragmatic representation of pregnancy during this time. This piece represents a woman who has fainted, potentially because she has discovered she is pregnant, as represented by the blue ribbon held by a woman in the background in the piece. Thus, van Meiris attempts to present a natural and realistic representation of what pregnancy is. However, the art of the 18th and 19th centuries, depicted a much more serene and positive correlation between women, pregnancy, and childbirth.