For all the year the government had little control of events like strikers, demonstrations, petitions, peasants uprisings, student riots and assassinations. The Tsar was in a war with his people. By Peter Lachner and Maria Fernanda Carro.
In February striker spread all over the cities. workers wanted eight hour day, higher wages and better conditions because no one gave them what they wanted the Tsars uncle was killed.
In March and May defeats of the Russian army and navy in war with Japan caused demands for charges to the government. In June sailors of the battleship Potemkin mutinied.
In May an June other groups were demanding changes. Middle class demanded elected parliment, freedom of speech an the right to form political parties. National groups demanded independence. Jews wanted equal civil rights.
In the country side in June and July, peasants riots spread all aver the place. the landowners houses were looted and burned.
In September a peace treat was signed between the Russian and the Japanese. Thousands of troops were now free to help bring peace in Russia. the government paid them s they were loyal to the Tsar.
On 26 October, the St Petersburg Soviet of Workers Deputies was formed. the factory workers met to co-ordinate strike action. this was very bad for the Tsars government.
The Tsar had two options to give in or to use force. he chose to give in and on 30 October he wrote the October Manifiesto. this promised:
That the people could choose the parliament.
uncensored newspaper and the right to form political parties.
the middle class belived they won and so they stopped protesting.
By December the troops were all back in Russia. The Tsar felt strong enough to get control back. He used violence to destroy the St Petersburg Soviet. the troops took revenge on workers and peasants.
Most dangerous moments for the Tsar:
-the war with Japan because in here many people of his army were killed or very weak.
-when the middle class, national groups and jews joined the protest. this meant he had to deal with more people an that was almost imposible because he had little amount of pople comared to the protesters.
-when the St Petersburg Soviet o workers Deputies was formed. this was a group that wanted to destroy the Tsar and it was not good for him. they could revel in any moment and he wont be ready.
Things the Tsar did to survive:
-He singed a peace treaty with the Japaneses. this hepled him so he didnt need to think about war with the Japaneses.
-he wrote the October Manifesto so that the Middle class wasnt against him.
-When all the troops were back he felt strong enough and attacked. This was an intelligent move because people tough he gave in so they let down their guard and then he attacked.
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