Gender ROLES IN aNTIGONE AND fREUD

The role of women in society has changed in many ways over thousands of years. However, in many some circumstances the roles and rights of women in societies thousands of years and miles apart seem all too similar. In the works Antigone and Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis, both authors have interesting takes on the roles of woman. In Freud’s work, Freud seems to echo the voice of the Victorian Age by saying how sexual gratification and unsuppressed unconscious drives are reserved for men and only men. However if Sophocle’s Antigone is analyzed it can be argued how the character Antigone embodies a man in Freudian and Greek terms, while the character Ismene exemplifies the emblematic female of the Greek and Victorian eras.

This vase from Ancient Greece depicts the different types of roles woman could have played in Greek society. During that time, the primary roles of women in that society were to be "receivers of dowries and child bearers"(Cunningham Bryant October 6).
The man here whipping a group of woman is shown to symbolize the role of woman in Greek society, which can be shown when Creon states "They are women, and they must not be free to roam about"(Sophocles 28).
Similar to women in Ancient Greece, women in the Victorian Age were heavily repressed and relegated to a secondary role in society. Similar to Ancient Greece,their main responsibilities were "child bearing and homemaking" (Cunningham Bryant September 26).
In Freud's day, it was unorthodox for women to crave personal sexual gratification so some women become prostitutes in the army to give "love service" (Freud 168), so only the men could be sexually satisfied.
Antigone doesn't suppress her unconscious, which "is the realm of the mind with its own wishful impulses"(Freud 262), but instead embraces it like a man would. The sculpture shows a woman escaping someone's grip, akin to Antigone embracing her unconscious instead of being held down by society's expectation of repression.
The photograph here is showing women fighting in a battle, which is unusual because the majority of soldiers are men.Antigone assumes the archetypal male role by disobeying Creon when she buries Polyneices. Antigone states, "He has no right to keep me from my own"(Sophocles 5)
This painting depicts a bound woman, similar to how Ismene assumes the archetypal female role of society. In Antigone, Ismene says " We are women we do not fight with men. We're subjected to them because they are stronger"(Sophocles 5).
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