Roman Emperors

Rome was a vast empire that seemed to be unlimited in power and was seen as the world's greatest empire during 27 BC till about 476 AD. But this great nation couldn't grow by itself it had to have a leader someone that would help it rise and those people were the Roman Emperors. The Romans considered the office of emperor to be distinct to that of a king. Emperors claimed not to be monarchs and sometimes ruled with a partner or separated the nation and had someone watch over their parts. Every country has it’s ruler maybe you don’t think that Roman Emperors are strong or important but not all countries are successful, big and feared by others. Also Rome started as a small city, for people to be able to turn it into an enormous and famous empire which we still learn from today about 1500 years after it’s fall they had to have a great mind and great powers. 

Emperors basically had sculptures made of their heads and had coins made in their honor like nowadays other countries do with their presidents and their silver coins. The objects in this exhibition will tell you about the person who introduced emperorship to Rome without knowing it, about the person who was officially named the first emperor and the people who made Rome a better place. 

Portrait of Gaius Julius Caesar, Augustan Age, From the collection of: Centrale Montemartini
Julius Caesar was a Roman army general but he was also a great leader. He was not considered to be an emperor but he took the role of Dictator for Life or Imperiator which was equal to the title of emperor. Cassius, Julius' nephew led the senate and Caesars' best friend Brutus to believe he wanted to destroy Rome but it was all a lie that led to Caesars assassination by 27 swords stabbed into him. The senate wanted to bring back the Republic but everyone wanted Caesar back which led to the 2nd civil war.
Portrait of Emperor Augustus, Roman, 27 BC- AD 14 (Augustan), From the collection of: The Walters Art Museum
Augustus was the adopted son and great grand nephew of Caesar. Augustus was considered to be the first official Roman Emperor. He became emperor when the republic had gone to civil war after Caesars death but fixed it and so the saying: "Augustus found a city made of bricks and left it made out of marble."
Augustus, aureus, Unknown, -0008, From the collection of: Numismatic Museum
These coins were the first coins made with the face of an Emperor on them. They were made in name of Augustus but the first person to have the name on coins was Julius Caesar an Imperiator.
Portrait head of the Roman Emperor Tiberius, Unknown, 14 - 37 CE, From the collection of: The Israel Museum, Jerusalem
Tiberius was emperor from 14AD to 37AD. He was the step-son of Octavius (Augustus). Tiberius was a great general conquering Pannonia, Dalmatia and parts of Germania. He was not liked for Tactius spread bad rumours about him even after his death when citizens rejoiced
Head of Emperor Caligula, about 40, From the collection of: The J. Paul Getty Museum
Emperor Caligula led Rome from 37BC-41BC. He was considered to be a bad emperor. Even though he was up for a good start, he was corrupted by power, he considered himself a god, he was very cruel and ordered to execute many innocent people. He was feared by everyone including his family. He was assassinated by a murder planned by Cassisus Chaerea because nobody agreed with his ideas. It is said he had a mental illness that led to his corruption.
Portrait of Emperor Hadrian, Roman, 2nd century A.D., From the collection of: The Art Institute of Chicago
Hadrian was the fourteenth emperor of Rome from 117AD till 138AD. He was the third of the Five Good Emperors of Rome. He was the adopted son of Trajan the 2nd Good Emperor. He was a man of action, thinker and builder like his father. Hadrian wasn't considering in expanding the empire but consolidating it and building walls along the northern border of conquered Britain and other borders. The walls were the things that he mostly was remembered by. He died from a Heart failure.
Portrait of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius, Roman, 161-180 (Antonine), From the collection of: The Walters Art Museum
Marcus Aurelius was a Roman Emperor from 161AD to 180AD. He was the fifth Good Emperor and also one of the emperor's that ruled with a co-emperor Lucius Verus (his brother) from 161 till 169 when he died and his son Commodus from 177AD till 181AD. Marcus Aurelius was a very kind and well-known emperor and a philosopher. He built hospitals and orphanages and also some schools, He lowered taxes during his rule and made the rules toward slaves kinder. He died after being ill for a long time.
Portrait of Caracalla, Emperor of the Roman Empire 211-217, Roman, AD 211 - AD 217, From the collection of: The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
Carcalla was the 22nd emperor of Rome who reigned from 198AD till 211AD. Carcalla was known as a bad emperor because of his killing of his brother and his violent nature but he was good in may ways as he travelled to Britian to overlook the army and better their army in Rome and he was also involved in directing the army's campaigns. Caracalla was murdered while urinating in a river side by one of his personal bodyguards Julius Martialis on their way to Edessa when at war with Parthia because his brother had been assassinated by Caracalla days before.
Medallion with Roman Emperor Caracalla, Roman, ca. 215-243 (Imperial Roman), From the collection of: The Walters Art Museum
Caracalla also had coins made in his honour.
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