Cinerary Urn with Reclining Man and Battle Scene, Unidentified Artist, first half second century BCE, From the collection of: Harvard Art Museums
The man looks powerful and confident: even as war rages beneath him, he reclines, dressed in fine robes and holding a dish. This reveals that men in power were above soldiers, and that masculinity was associated with power. Artist is unknown.
This man looks rich - he and his horse are decorated, and they are both sitting up proudly. He is perhaps an explorer, and society sees men as proud and brave. Martini was a Gothic, Italian artist known for his style and elegance.
These men look extravagant and intelligent. The society values men for their wealth and education. Hans was a German painter known for his realism in courtly paintings, esp. those of King Henry VIII.
An Unknown British Officer, Probably of 11th (North Devonshire) Regiment of Foot, c.1800, John Hoppner, 1758–1810, British, ca. 1800, From the collection of: Yale Center for British Art
This man looks proud, official, but simple and clean in his uniform. His society values the strength and dignity of men. Hoppner was an English Neoclassical painter, specializing in portraits rather than mythical or fantasy images.
The woman lacks emotion and the pale colors in the painting make her seem weak. This society views femininity as delicate and pure. Christus was a Flemish artist know for the definition of space in his works.
In shadow with her chest slightly in view, this woman looks mysterious. Femininity is shown as secretive. Rembrandt was a Dutch Golden Age painter known for his portraits and biblical scenes; the woman is said to be modeled on his lover and the mother of several of his children.
This woman looks noble, opulent, and mature. Femininity is shown as elegant and secure, and society values beauty and deportment in women. Pfeiffer was a German miniaturist artist who created engravings of the German nobility.
This woman looks pretty and playful, like she is teasing someone just outside of the frame. Extremely pale skin was seen as feminine, and this society admires the beauty and happiness of women. Tsukioka was known for his traditional ukiyo-é and desire to preserve the traditional arts.
This woman looks playful and happy; exotic, but approachable. She is dressed sparsely for the time period, with her stomach and shoulders exposed. This society admires fun-loving women and associates femininity with flirtatiousness. Curtis was an American photographer who owned a studio in Seattle.
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