Greek Identity

By: Reinaldo & Reimundo Shabana

Hammered from a single sheet of metal. Developed in Corinthia. Myros, is engraved in the left-hand cheekplate. Found in Olympia, where large numbers of weapons, commemorating a victory or taken as booty in temple of Zeus. How did this happen?
Shows eastern influence. Greeks developed their own distinctive version of the griffin. Griffins were seen as guardians and protectors of the dead, and were sometimes carved on tombstones. This jug may have been to offer protection to the person in whose tomb it was placed. How was art related to the culture?
This comes from a strap on the inside of a shield and is decorated with Menelaos reclaiming his wife after the Trojan War. In the 500's B.C., the leather strap on shield's interior was often decorated with strips of bronze showing mythological scenes or monsters. How did the mythology affect the portrayal of weapons and items?
Words read out, "Harriknidas dedicated [this] to the goddess white-armed Hera". This gold-plated silver ring was worn for a long time before the inscription was added and the ring was dedicated to Hera. The inscription on this ring is written in the script of Argos in 500 B.C., where Hera was the patron deity. How do you think this was used first?
From its beginnings in Asia Minor in the seventh century BC, coinage gradually spread to the wider Greek world. The earliest Greek coins are made of an alloy of gold and silver. By the early fifth century B.C., many Greek states were producing coinage in silver. The front is a sea-turtle design. The reverse consists of a square punch. Was this used as currency?
This Hydria was used to carry water. Dionysus/Bacchus is on the left carrying a glass and Poseidon is on the right carrying a trident. The woman in the middle is hard to discern. On the shoulders, there are two groups of people fighting over their dead comrades. They are honoring their gods. Were the gods portrayed important for the jug?
This lion decorated something else, possibly a large vessel. Some of its design choices indicate that it was created in Lakonia, a Spartan controlled city. What do you think it represented?
This statuette is based off of the scene in the Odyssey where Odysseus escapes from Polyphemus's cave. Homer directly affected Greek identity and art. This video is the scene from which it came from.
This was once attached to a cauldron. The warrior is attacking with a lance (which is gone). The surface he is standing on is curved (for the cauldron). Why do you think they made a statue of a warrior?
This pillar is part of the Erechtion. This temple was built for the cult of Athena Polias. It contained a lot of artifacts & relics to honor all of their gods. Gods and religion was important in their culture.
This is a tombstone. The mother here is shaking her dead child's hand. He is holding a sacrificial knife in his hand, indicating that he is a a priest. Family connections were important so it was engraved on to the tombstone.
This papyrus fragment has a passage from the Odyssey by Homer, thought to have been composed in the 700s B.C. Papyrus was made from papyrus plant grown in Egypt and was the main writing material in the ancient world. Scholars date this papyrus copy of the Odyssey to first century B.C. How was this papyrus brought to Greece?
Credits: All media
This user gallery has been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.