Loading

Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 50 [funfzig] kronen note, acquired by a German Jewish refugee 2012.425.3 front

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Washington, United States

Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip for 50 kronen owned by Wolfgang Rauner. The scrip was issued in the camp in 1943. All currency was confiscated from inmates upon entry and replaced with scrip and ration coupons that could be exchanged only in the camp. Theresienstadt was a multi-use camp, acting as a settlement, transit camp, and propaganda tool, for 3.5 years, from November 24, 1941 to May 9, 1945. It was located near Prague, in a region of Czechoslovakia occupied by Germany, renamed the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and made part of the Greater German Reich. Wolfgang and his family fled Trier, Germany, for Luxembourg in September 1935 to escape the escalating persecution of Jews by the Nazi regime which had ruled since 1933. His father worked to re-establish his food equipment and confectionary sales business. Wolfgang attended local schools as well as Hebrew school run by the close knit Jewish community. His older siblings learned trades to prepare for a future in America. In May 1940, Luxembourg was occupied by Germany. In summer 1941, with assistance from family members already in the US, Wolfgang, 13, his parents, Aron and Neddy, and his two older siblings, Edgar and Gertrude, sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, on the SS Mouzinho, arriving in New York on June 21.

Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip for 50 kronen owned by Wolfgang Rauner. The scrip was issued in the camp in 1943. All currency was confiscated from inmates upon entry and replaced with scrip and ration coupons that could be exchanged only in the camp. Theresienstadt was a multi-use camp, acting as a settlement, transit camp, and propaganda tool, for 3.5 years, from November 24, 1941 to May 9, 1945. It was located near Prague, in a region of Czechoslovakia occupied by Germany, renamed the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and made part of the Greater German Reich. Wolfgang and his family fled Trier, Germany, for Luxembourg in September 1935 to escape the escalating persecution of Jews by the Nazi regime which had ruled since 1933. His father worked to re-establish his food equipment and confectionary sales business. Wolfgang attended local schools as well as Hebrew school run by the close knit Jewish community. His older siblings learned trades to prepare for a future in America. In May 1940, Luxembourg was occupied by Germany. In summer 1941, with assistance from family members already in the US, Wolfgang, 13, his parents, Aron and Neddy, and his two older siblings, Edgar and Gertrude, sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, on the SS Mouzinho, arriving in New York on June 21.

Details

  • Title: Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 50 [funfzig] kronen note, acquired by a German Jewish refugee 2012.425.3 front
  • Location: Emigration and immigration--United States--Biography., Emigration and immigration--United States--Biography.
  • Provenance: The Theresienstadt scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2012 by Wolfgang Rauner., The Theresienstadt scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2012 by Wolfgang Rauner.
  • Subject Keywords: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Germany--Personal narratives. Jewish children in the Holocaust--Germany--Biography. Jewish refugees--United States--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--Personal narratives., Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Germany--Personal narratives. Jewish children in the Holocaust--Germany--Biography. Jewish refugees--United States--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--Personal narratives.
  • Type: Exchange Media, Exchange Media
  • Rights: Permanent Collection, Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Scrip printed on offwhite paper with a graphic design on the face in black and blue/green ink on a blue/green patterned background. On the left is a medallion with an image of Moses holding 2 stone tablets with the 10 Commandments in Hebrew characters; to the right is the denomination in German text and a numeral 50, with text below. On the right side is a wide, offwhite border with the denomination 50 below a 6-pointed Star of David in the bottom corner. There is a center vertical band with light orange discoloration. The reverse has a blue/green geometric background design with German text, and a scrollwork line. Below the text is an engraved signature. The denomination 50 is in the upper right corner. The left side has a wide, offwhite border with the denomination 50 in the lower corner with a 6-pointed Star of David above. The serial number 009141 is in the upper left corner. The series letter F is on the right center under the scrollwork., Scrip printed on offwhite paper with a graphic design on the face in black and blue/green ink on a blue/green patterned background. On the left is a medallion with an image of Moses holding 2 stone tablets with the 10 Commandments in Hebrew characters; to the right is the denomination in German text and a numeral 50, with text below. On the right side is a wide, offwhite border with the denomination 50 below a 6-pointed Star of David in the bottom corner. There is a center vertical band with light orange discoloration. The reverse has a blue/green geometric background design with German text, and a scrollwork line. Below the text is an engraved signature. The denomination 50 is in the upper right corner. The left side has a wide, offwhite border with the denomination 50 in the lower corner with a 6-pointed Star of David above. The serial number 009141 is in the upper left corner. The series letter F is on the right center under the scrollwork.

Additional Items

Get the app

Explore museums and play with Art Transfer, Pocket Galleries, Art Selfie, and more

Recommended

Google apps