The War of Devolution broke out to defend the succession rights of Queen Maria Theresa, which had been annulled in the testament of Philip IV in 1665: Maria Theresa had renounced her rights in return for a dowry of 500,000 écus, which France was never paid. Louis XIV sent a Treaty of the Queen’s rights explaining the French position to the regent queen of Spain, Mariana of Spain, which was later published. It is represented by the “Manifesto” held by Renown and which notably mentions the “devolution right”, a custom of Brabant which maintained the queen’s rights to the province. Louis XIV is turning to look at Justice, symbolised by her level weighing scales. The octagon is positioned symmetrically with the one depicting the Peace agreement at Aix-La-Chapelle, 1668, in relation to the centre of the gallery.
Full title : War against Spain for the rights of the Queen, 1667