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Abundance (Abundantia)

Peter Paul Rubensc. 1630

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

Like the study work Two Sleeping Children, this painting is a study created for an allegory of Abundance image. While the former was painted when Rubens was about 35 or 36 years old, this painting dates from his early 50s. This study is thought to have been a preparatory work for a tapestry, and originally formed a pair with Justice (private collection), also by Rubens's hand. The young woman in the center of the composition represents Abundance, and the cornucopia, symbol of abundance, is placed on her lap. The fruits that spill forth from the cornucopia symbolize the goodness of nature for mankind. Two putti are shown gathering the fruit that spills forth. The purse under the woman's foot represents material treasures in contrast with the natural treasures of the cornucopia. This is a superb preparatory work in oils by Rubens's own hand. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no. 27)

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Details

  • Title: Abundance (Abundantia)
  • Date Created: c. 1630
  • Provenance: Charles-Henry, Count of Heym; Duc de Beauvais sale, Paris, 1739(32); James Harris (this information is based on an inventory of the collection of James Harris, entitled: "My pictures, An Account of my Pictures, 1739"... : "bought at Cock's in Covent Garden at the sale of one Beauvais 1739... Two pictures, one of Plenty, the other of Justice... of Rubens..."; On the margin of the MS inventory, Newnham House, Basingstoke, in their possession since the 18th century; E. Victor Thaw, New York; Artemis, S.A., Brussels.
  • Physical Dimensions: w458 x h637 mm
  • Painter: Peter Paul Rubens
  • Object title (Japanese): 豊穣
  • Object notes (Japanese): 《眠る二人の子供》同様、この《豊穣》の寓意画も習作であるが、前者がルーベンス35-36歳頃の作品と考えられるのに対して、後者はおそらく50代初めの制作であろう。本作品は、タピスリーのための下絵と思われ、同じルーベンスの手になる《正義》(個人蔵)と対をなす。画面中央の若い女性は「豊穣」を表わし、彼女の膝には「豊穣の角(コルヌコピア)」が置かれている。角からこぼれ落ちる果実は、人間に対する自然の恵みを象徴する。それを拾い集めているのは二人のプットーである。女性の足下の財布は、自然の豊かさに対する世俗的物質的な富を象徴しているのであろうか。ルーベンス自身の手になる油彩下絵の佳品である。(出典: 国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 2006. cat. no. 27)
  • Artist Name (Japanese): ルーベンス、ペーテル・パウル
  • Type: Paintings
  • Rights: Transferred from the Agency for Cultural Affairs, http://www.nmwa.go.jp/en/information/privacy.html
  • External Link: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
  • Medium: Oil on panel

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