Al-Masaalik Wa Al-Mamaalik. Book page 4

Mohammad Farsi Istakhri10th century

UNESCO Memory of the World

UNESCO Memory of the World

Al-Masaalik Wa Al-Mamaalik.

Al-Masaalik Wa Al-Mamaalik, written in Arabic by Mohammad Farsi Istakhri, presents an accurate description of the socio-economic, cultural, and political conditions of Islamic lands – from India to Africa – supplemented by maps. Istakhri describes the countries he travelled to, including Egypt, Syria, Afghanistan, Ethiopia, and Zanzibar, and documents information that was not widely known at the time. It’s one of the most important geographical books from the 10th century CE. Numerous manuscripts exist in several of the world’s libraries and museums and it has been translated into many different languages.


  • Title: Al-Masaalik Wa Al-Mamaalik. Book page 4
  • Creator: Mohammad Farsi Istakhri
  • Date Created: 10th century
  • Location: Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Rights: National Museum of Iran
  • Medium: Manuscript
  • Theme: Science, Geography, Religion, Islam

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