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Altar to Jupiter Optimus Maximus, the Other Deities and the Genius Praetorii

Roman, 3rd century AD

English Heritage

English Heritage
United Kingdom

This altar, found at Vindolanda Roman fort in the commanding officer’s house in 1831, is a prime example of Roman religious ‘hedging of bets’. Quintus Petronius Urbicus was not sure who to dedicate the altar to, so he chose a catch-all ‘Other Deities’, as well as Jupiter, the King of all Gods, and the god of his house (the praetorium). The detail shown here is a crane with a chick, the meaning of which is not clear.

Details

  • Title: Altar to Jupiter Optimus Maximus, the Other Deities and the Genius Praetorii
  • Date Created: Roman, 3rd century AD
  • Location: Brampton, England
  • Original Source: CHESTERS ROMAN FORT AND MUSEUM - HADRIAN'S WALL
  • Rights: English Heritage
  • Medium: Local buff sandstone
  • Credit line: The Trustees of the Clayton Collection

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