This temple sculpture was created by Koei Unkei, a master artist of the Muromachi period. Koei depicts Amida, the Amitabha Buddha, with tightly curled hair and loose flowing robes. The gleaming white stone on the figure’s forehead represents the universal brightness that emanates from the Buddha's enlightened state.

Amida is the Japanese name of the Amitabha Buddha, who rules over the Paradise of the West, believed to be a heavenly place where the souls of Buddhists who have transcended the cycle of death and rebirth reside. Amida is the central figure of Jodo, or Pure Land Buddhism, a movement that became popular in Japan during the 12th century. Pure Land Buddhists believe that through faith and repeatedly reciting Amida’s name, anyone can escape earthly suffering.


  • Title: Amida
  • Creator: Koei (Unkei IX)
  • Date Created: 1472
  • Physical Dimensions: w45.1 x h53.3 x d41 cm (overall)
  • Type: Sculpture
  • External Link: MFAH
  • Medium: Carved wood with traces of polychrome
  • Period: Muromachi period, 1392-1573
  • Credit Line: The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, museum purchase funded by the Brown Foundation Accessions Endowment Fund

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