This extinct ant species from the Messel Pit is the largest species know to science and also ranks among the largest of any hymenopterans. The queens had a wing span of up to 16 centimeters. Only winged animals are known; to date, no workers have been found.


  • Title: Ant queen
  • Location: Messel pit, Hesse, Germany
  • Type: original
  • Rights: Sven Tränkner Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung
  • size: 16 cm
  • scientific name: Titanomyrma gigantea
  • geological Age: Middle Eocene
  • age: 48 mil. years

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