This map highlights areas around Canton where many of the Chinese migrants to Victoria, Australia came from.
The Chinese mainly came from the thirteen counties around Canton, the capital of Kwangtung (English name for Guangdong) province. These Chinese had very similar physical appearances, ideals and temperaments. They were generally described as a sober, peace loving, kindly, industrious and frugal people. Some of them however acquired what were seen as bad habits and tastes, such as opium smoking and gambling. Many also practised idol and ancestor worship which was seen at that time to be unacceptable, was misunderstood, and was considered to be a threat to the Christian way of life as practised in Australia