Arhat Panthaka

17th-18th century

Rubin Museum of Art

Rubin Museum of Art

Pantaka is one of the sixteen arhats, the original disciples of the Buddha. The arhat painting genre found in Tibet was adopted from China and carried with it many aspects of Chinese visual culture.

The medium--ink on silk--is itself Chinese. The painting employs a classic Chinese monochromatic ink style (shui mo hua) with a strong use of shading and ink wash. The figural style and landscape, punctuated with wet dots of ink (cun), depicted here are reminiscent of Chinese luohan (arhat) paintings by late Ming to early Qing painters like Ding Yunpeng (1547-1628). This painting is related to a set kept at Palpung Monastery, in Kham on the southern Sino-Tibetan border, where they are known as the Kyarama Arhats, which translates as "Arhats Atop Rocks."

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  • Title: Arhat Panthaka
  • Date: 17th-18th century
  • Date Created: 17th-18th century
  • Physical Dimensions: 26 1/4 x 18 3/4 in.
  • Type: Painting
  • Rights: Rubin Museum of Art, C2001.5.1
  • Medium: Ink on silk
  • Place of Creation: China or Tibet
  • Exhibition History: Rubin Museum of Art, "Masterworks: Jewels of the Collection" (02/12/14 - 01/05/15), Rubin Museum of Art, "Earthly Immortals: Arhats in Tibetan Painting" (04/04/08 - 08/18/08), Rubin Museum of Art, "Sacred History: Sages and Stories" (10/02/04 - 10/09/05), Rubin Museum of Art, Reception for Asia Week (03/24/04)