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Auschwitz concentration camp scrip type 3, .50 Reichsmark, received by a Polish Jewish inmate

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Type 3 Auschwitz scrip, valued at .50 Reichsmark, received by Chaim Hollander when he was imprisoned in Auschwitz-Birkenau. Scrip was issued in the camps as a means of improving worker productivity. After Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, Chaim and his family went into hiding. In August 1942, they were deported from Sosnowiec to the Srodula ghetto. After his wife and two young daughters were deported, Chaim escaped the ghetto and lived under a false identity until he was betrayed and deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau in December 1943. He found Fajwal there and they were transferred together to Sachsenhausen. Later they were deported to Mauthausen and then Ebensee, where they were liberated by the US Army on May 6, 1945. Chaim relocated to Belgium, where he had relatives. He heard from a neighbor that his wife was seen in Auschwitz, but was killed there.

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Details

  • Title: Auschwitz concentration camp scrip type 3, .50 Reichsmark, received by a Polish Jewish inmate
  • Provenance: The Auschwitz scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Lydia Hollander, the daughter of Chaim Hollander.
  • Subject Keywords: Concentration camps--Economic aspects. Concentration camp inmates--Germany--Biography. Concentration camp inmates--Poland--Oswiecim--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Poland--Personal narratives. Jews--Persecutions--Poland. World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from Poland.
  • Type: Exchange Media
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Scrip on rectangular, offwhite, yellowish cardstock that has been laminated. Across the top is German text and faint preprinted horizontal black lines. In the upper right corner is the denomination .50. In the center are a preprinted black circle and a black, circular Nazi seal stamp with German text, a swastika, and a Reichsadler. Along the left edge is illegible handwritten text; the left center edge has a semi-circular section missing. In the lower left corner is a printer’s number. On the reverse are handwritten numbers.

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