Avenue to Schloss Kammer

Gustav Klimt1912


Vienna, Austria

Gustav Klimt immortalizes the charming Schloss Kammer on the Attersee in multiple paintings. In this picture, he had decided to paint a view of the long avenue of trees leading to the castle entrance. Through foreshortening, the rows of trees on either side greatly draw the viewer in and create depth. This was unusual for one of Klimt's landscape paintings, which were instead mostly densely composed and flat. However, Klimt returns to his typical two-dimensional pictorial style in the design of the strong treetops, depicted with countless small dabs of color in an almost pointillist manner, in a net-like structure with no spatial differentiation. Spatiality and flatness are placed in a kind of limbo, as it were.
The color palette chosen by Klimt for the treetops is most exquisite. The shadowed areas tend to be in a subdued blue, while sunlit areas shine in a subdued yellowish-green. Klimt evidently adopted this striking combination of blue, yellow, and green—which was rarely used in Vienna at the time—from the French impressionists and their predecessors. A pioneering text for spreading French color theories throughout Europe was Eugène Chevreul's work on "color harmonies," previously published in 1878 in its German translation by Friedrich Jännicke.


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