Hans Baluschek belongs to the first generation of Berlin Realism. Beginning in the mid-1890s, he emerges as an attentive observer and critical commentator of life in Berlin. His interest is focused on the effects of the Industrial Revolution in a rapidly growing metropolis.
Baluschek’s art deals with the achievements and deprivations of industrialised society. He highlights the effects of mechanisation of daily life and within the working environment; he makes the losers of modern life – the unemployed, the war cripples, old people and the sick– artistically presentable and comments on the moral transgressions of the bourgeoisie.