Border with Jonah Cast into the Sea

Simon Beningabout 1525–1530

The J. Paul Getty Museum

The J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, United States

Rough winds play havoc with two ships under a threatening dark sky as Jonah is pushed overboard into the gaping maw of a large fish. The sailors cast him out because they blamed him for the stormy seas. Jonah remained in the belly of the fish for three days, praying to God. On the third day, God spoke to the fish, which vomited out the poor man. Because three days separated the death and resurrection of Christ, Christians saw this story as a typological parallel to the Entombment of Christ, discussed in the text on this page and depicted in the facing miniature.


  • Title: Border with Jonah Cast into the Sea
  • Creator: Simon Bening
  • Date Created: about 1525–1530
  • Location Created: Bruges, Belgium
  • Physical Dimensions: Leaf: 16.8 × 11.4 cm (6 5/8 × 4 1/2 in.)
  • Type: Folio
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Tempera colors, gold paint, and gold leaf on parchment
  • Terms of Use: Open Content
  • Number: 83.ML.115.329
  • Culture: Flemish
  • Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Ms. Ludwig IX 19, fol. 329
  • Creator Display Name: Simon Bening (Flemish, about 1483 - 1561)
  • Classification: Manuscripts (Documents)

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