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Bureau Table

John Townsend1785 - 1800

The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
Houston, United States

From the time Europeans began exploring the Americas, they recognized the beauty and value of the giant mahogany trees that dotted the Caribbean and Central America. Mahogany became a luxury material in high demand during the 1700s for both Europeans and Americans. As with many other New World resources, slave labor was used to satisfy the demand for mahogany.

This mahogany table was directly connected to the Atlantic slave trade. The owner of this table, Samuel Vernon, was a wealthy slave trader and merchant in late-1700s Newport, Rhode Island. Eager to display his elite status, Vernon ordered a stylish bureau table (a form of dressing table) made from mahogany, the finest wood sold at the time. Customers like Vernon could buy mahogany because of the slave labor that harvested it—labor supplied by men like Vernon who transported enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean. This object reminds us of the many ways that slavery shaped the lives of both enslaved and free Americans.

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  • Title: Bureau Table
  • Creator: Attributed to the Shop of John Townsend
  • Date Created: 1785 - 1800
  • Location Created: Newport, Rhode Island, U.S.A.
  • Physical Dimensions: w99.7 x h87.6 x d55.9 cm (overall)
  • Type: Furniture
  • External Link: MFAH
  • Medium: Mahogany, brass, chestnut, yellow poplar
  • Style: Chippendale
  • Credit Line: The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, The Bayou Bend Collection, gift of Miss Ima Hogg

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