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Bust of Camilla Barbadori (dead 1609). Mother of Pope Urban VIII Barberini

Gian Lorenzo Bernini1619

SMK - Statens Museum for Kunst

SMK - Statens Museum for Kunst
Copenhagen, Denmark

At the tender age of 20, Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors of the Baroque, created this bust of the mother of Cardinal Maffeo Barberini (1568-1644), Camilla Barbadori. A few years later, after the cardinal was appointed Pope and took the name Urban VIII, he became Bernini’s most important patron.

The bust of Camilla Barbadori was to join a companion piece of the cardinal’s father, prince Antonio Barberini (1607-1671), in niches in the family vault at the Sant’ Andrea della Valle in Rome.

The Baroque features

The uniquely Baroque feature of this work is the play of light and shade. It is evident in the contrast between Camilla Barbadori’s smooth face and the deep shadows created where the cloak meets the neck and throat, as well as in the eyes which appear full of life when seen from a distance. This is because Bernini carved very deep furrows around the pupils, creating a deep shade that allows spectators to make their own interpretations of what they see.

A framework of a new style

The young artist did not only have a crucial impact on the portrait bust genre; he also laid down the framework of a new style within what many think of as "sculpture proper", i.e. sculpture in the round.

Details

  • Title: Bust of Camilla Barbadori (dead 1609). Mother of Pope Urban VIII Barberini
  • Creator: Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini
  • Date Created: 1619
  • Værktekst: Kun 20 år gammel skabte en af barokkens største billedhuggere Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini portrætbusten af kardinal Maffeo Barberinis (1568-1644) moder Camilla Barbadori. Da kardinalen et par år senere blev valgt til pave og antog navnet Urban 8., blev han Berninis vigtigste mæcen. Busten af Camilla Barbadori skulle sammen med en tilsvarende af kardinalens fader, fyrst Antonio Barberini (1607-1671), stå i nicher i familiens gravkapel i Sant ’Andrea della Valle i Rom. Det barokke stiltræk Det særligt barokke stiltræk er spillet mellem lys og mørke. Det ses både i kontrasten mellem Camilla Barbadoris glatte lyse ansigt og den dybe skygge, der fremkommer ved kappens fuldstændige frihugning af hals og nakke og i øjnene, som set på afstand er fulde af liv, fordi Bernini huggede meget dybe furer rundt om pupillerne, hvorved skyggens mørke giver plads for betragterens egen fortolkning af det sete. Rammerne for en ny stil Det var ikke alene inden for portrætbusten, at den unge kunstner fik afgørende betydning, også inden for friskulpturen formåede han at skabe rammerne for en ny stil.
  • Teknik: Marmor
  • Proveniens: Erhvervet 1929
  • Provenance: Acquired 1929
  • Physical Dimensions: w54.5 x h77 x d26 cm (Without frame)
  • Dansk link: http://www.smk.dk/index.php?id=1147
  • Dansk Titel: Buste af Camilla Barbadori (død 1609). Moder til Pave Urban VIII Barberini
  • Type: Bust
  • Rights: Statens Museum for Kunst, http://www.smk.dk/en/copyright/creative-commons/
  • Medium: Marble

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