Caius Marius Amid the Ruins of Carthage

John Vanderlyn1807

de Young museum

de Young museum
San Francisco, CA, United States

During the 1808 Paris Salon, the French military and political leader Napoleon Bonaparte honored John Vanderlyn with a gold medal for this painting. Trained in France to paint in the Neoclassical style, Vanderlyn often used themes drawn from classical history and mythology to reflect the political ideals of the newly established American republic.

The subject in this work is Caius Marius, a six-time elected Roman consul. In the second century BC Marius led a failed attempt to seize control of Rome. Defeated, he fled to Carthage, in North Africa. Vanderlyn depicts Marius already in exile, brooding among ruins.

Search for Caius Marius to see more images of this famous Roman leader in other art collections.


  • Title: Caius Marius Amid the Ruins of Carthage
  • Creator Lifespan: 1775 - 1852
  • Creator Nationality: American
  • Creator Gender: male
  • Creator Death Place: Kingston, NY
  • Creator Birth Place: Kingston, NY
  • Date Created: 1807
  • Location Shown: Carthage, Tunisia
  • Location: United States
  • Physical Dimensions: w1739.9 x h2209.8 in
  • Type: Painting
  • painter: John Vanderlyn
  • credit line source: Museum
  • Credit Line: Gift of M. H. de Young

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