Catherine the Great

Iliya Filimontsev2014

The Sand Museum

The Sand Museum
Fukube-cho, Yuyama 2083-17, Japan

The Romanov dynasty was founded in the 17th century and reigned for over 300 years. Under enlightened absolutist monarch Catherine the Great, the Empire had its Golden Age, during which it expanded its territory by military strength and increased its presence in Europe. But Catherine the Great strove not only to expand the Empire's territory, but also introduced internal policies to govern the large Empire more efficiently. She not only reformed local governments, but also furthered the establishment of Boards of Public Welfare and elementary education institutions. However, she also put down Pugachev's Rebellion which had demanded the abolition of the harsh serfdom system. The sand sculpture depicts Pugachev, who had lead peasants and cossacks in the rebellion, being captured by Catherine the Great. With regards to culture, Catherine the Great also founded the Small Hermitage to house her collection of paintings, sculptures and other artworks. The Small Hermitage was the first part of what is now the Hermitage Museum.


  • Title: Catherine the Great
  • Creator: Iliya Filimontsev
  • Creator Nationality: Russia
  • Creator Gender: male
  • Date: 2014
  • Physical Location: Tottori City, Japan
  • Provenance: THE SAND MUSEUM
  • Type: Sand Sculpture
  • External Link: http://www.sand-museum.jp/
  • 作品解説 / Object Note (Japanese): 17世紀初頭から約300年続いたロマノフ王朝。啓蒙主君であるエカテリーナⅡ世の時代には軍需力によって領地を拡大し、ヨーロッパにおける存在感を高め、王朝は、黄金期を迎える。エカテリーナⅡ世は、領地拡大大政策だけでなく、広大な国家をより効率的に統治するための国内政策にも力を入れた。地方改革をはじめとし、社会福祉局や初等教育機関の設立なども進めた。また、厳しい農奴制の中、農奴制廃止を掲げるプガチョフの乱が起こるがこれも鎮圧する。作品は、農民やコサックたちを率いて反乱を起こしたプガチョフが、エカテリーナⅡ世に捕えられた場面である。文化的側面においては、自らが収集した絵画や彫刻などの美術品を収蔵するために小エルミタールの建設行い、それらは現在のエルミタージュ美術館の起源となっている。
  • 作品タイトル / Object Title (Japanese): エカテリーナⅡ世とロマノフ王朝・エカテリーナ宮殿

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