Leandro Galiardi1749 - 1750

Museu de São Roque

Museu de São Roque
Lisboa, Portugal

This censer created by silversmith Leonardo Gagliardi for the chapel of Saint John the Baptist presents a rich ornamentation, made up of acanthus leaves and angels heads. The central section is an architectural structure, with a body composed of Tuscan columns and circular entablature. In turn, the lid is covered with shells, acanthus leaves and angel heads, all being identical to the one seen on the maniple section.


  • Title: Censer
  • Creator Lifespan: 1729 - 1804
  • Creator Nationality: Italian
  • Creator Gender: Male
  • Creator Death Place: Rome
  • Creator Birth Place: Rome
  • Date: 1749 - 1750
  • Physical Dimensions: w12,5 x h33 cm
  • Provenance: Museu de São Roque/Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Lisboa
  • Type: Metalwork
  • Rights: Museu de São Roque/Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Lisboa
  • External Link: Museu de São Roque/Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Lisboa
  • Medium: Gilt silver
  • Silversmith: Leandro Galiardi
  • Manufactured: Rome, Italy
  • Function: The name turible comes from the Latin term "t(h)uribulum", which means incense vase. The practice of burning incense with a turible is recorded in Rome, in the 7th and 8th centuries, as a gesture to honour the Pope, other ecclesiastical dignitaries and the book of the Gospels, but it was only in the 9th century that the incensation of the altar, the clergy and the offerings was started. The gesture of incensation with the turible took on a profound symbolic meaning during the height of the Middle Ages that has remained throughout the Modern Age.The piece has three separate sections: the body of the turible alludes to the body of Christ, the four chains symbolise the cardinal virtues, while the fire alludes to the Holy Ghost and the perfumed smoke signifies the prayers of the faithful heading to the throne of God. Finally, the handle, which is made and decorated in the same style.

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