Ceskoslovenskou Medaila za Chrabrost (Medal of Valor] awarded to a Czech Jewish soldier

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Washington, United States

Czechoslovak Medal for Valor 1939-1945 with striped ribbon awarded to Josef Hauptman in 1946 for bravery as a soldier during the war against Nazi Germany. He received the medal with a certificate (see 2004.643.1) on March 6, 1946. In 1938, Czechoslovakia was dismantled and its territory absorbed by Nazi Germany and its allies. Josef, 18, was drafted into the Soviet Army that year. He fought with Soviet forces for the rest of the war. He was wounded for the second time and hospitalized when the war ended on May 8, 1945. Sometime that summer, Josef became a member of the Czechoslovak Army. In December 1945, he was honored as a disabled veteran. Josef also received medals in recognition of his bravery during the war from both the Czechoslovak and Soviet governments.


  • Title: Ceskoslovenskou Medaila za Chrabrost (Medal of Valor] awarded to a Czech Jewish soldier
  • Location: Czechoslovakia--Armada--Biography.
  • Provenance: The medal was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Joseph Hauptman.
  • Subject Keywords: Jewish soldiers--Czechoslovakia--Biography. Jewish soldiers--Soviet Union--Biography. Jews, Czech--Soviet Union--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Eastern Front--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Soviet Union--Biography.
  • Type: Military Insignia
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Bronze circular medal, 1.250 inches diameter, with an attached striped grosgrain ribbon. The front has an embossed design with an upright sword imposed over a left profile of a lion roaring with extended tongue, the Lion of Bohemia. To the left is a small double barred Cross of Lorraine and above, near the sword point, is a banner with Czech text. Along the edge is a linden wreath; the rim is smooth. The reverse has an embossed linden wreath along the edge, Czech text, and a date. Attached to the top is a suspension ring with a hinged V-shaped bar with embossed linden leaves through which the ribbon is threaded. The ribbon has 11 vertical stripes, the white are narrow, the red medium, and the blue wide: red, white, blue, white, red, white, red, white, blue, white, red. On the reverse is a metal backing pin with 2 prongs.

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