Nemesio Antúnez is the foremost pioneer of printmaking in Chile in the mid-twentieth century. The artist was initially trained as an architect at the Universidad Católica de Chile in Santiago where he graduated in 1941. After being awarded a Fulbright Scholarship to further his studies at Columbia University in New York, Antúnez was introduced to the legendary English printmaker Stanley William Hayter, and was taught at the master printer’s studio Atelier 17 from 1947-1952. At that time, printmaking was just beginning to be considered a legitimate artistic medium as opposed to a technical means of reproduction. Upon his return to Chile Antúnez established his own printmaking studio, Atelier 99, in 1955, and four year later helped to found the Escuela de Artes de la Universidad Católica de Chile. As one of the most prominent proponents for the arts in Chile, Antúnez not only continued to refine his craft as an artist, but helped to shape future generations of Chilean artists through his studio and through various positions he held as director of the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de la Universidad de Chile and the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes de Chile. The artist became a key figure in establishing printmaking as an artistic craft as important as painting or sculpture.