The most common type of coffin during the Middle Kingdom took the shape of a rectangular box with lid. The mummy inside was placed on his left side, facing east, his head behind the two magical eyes. These—in the shape of human eyes, to which have been added the markings of a falcon's head—were supposed to enable him to behold the rising sun, reborn daily. The long horizontal inscriptions are prayers to Anubis (god of embalming) and Osiris (god of the dead) for offerings of food and drink and other items necessary for survival in the afterlife. The short vertical inscriptions place him under the protection of the gods of earth, sky, air, and moisture, as well as various funerary deities.

Download this artwork (provided by The Cleveland Museum of Art).
Learn more about this artwork.


  • Title: Coffin of Senbi
  • Date Created: c. 1918-1859 BC
  • Physical Dimensions: Overall: 70 x 55 cm (27 9/16 x 21 5/8 in.)
  • Type: Funerary Equipment
  • Rights: CC0
  • External Link: https://clevelandart.org/art/1914.716
  • Medium: gessoed and painted cedar
  • Department: Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art
  • Culture: Egypt, Meir, Middle Kingdom, mid-Dynasty 12, reign of Amenemhat II to Sesostris III
  • Credit Line: Gift of the John Huntington Art and Polytechnic Trust
  • Collection: Egypt - Middle Kingdom
  • Accession Number: 1914.716

Get the app

Explore museums and play with Art Transfer, Pocket Galleries, Art Selfie, and more

Flash this QR Code to get the app
Google apps