Initially inhabited by Tamoios Indians, Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas in Rio de Janeiro, was soon required by the Portuguese for the installation of a sugar mill. It is said that the government used a treacherous method to exterminate the Indians of the region: clothes worn by patients of smallpox were spread along the banks. Innocents, the Indians were contaminated and exterminated. After this great slaughter, was built on the site Engenho D'El Rei. To remember this sad history, was installed on the Lagoa in 1979 the sculpture of a little Indian, called Curumim by its creator, artist Pedro Correia Araújo.