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Cutout pendant of the Terezin coat of arms sewn to an envelope made by a former Jewish Czech inmate 1989.342.16.1-.2 front

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Silver metal pendant sewn to paper with a cut out of the Terezin coat of arms made by Jiri Lauscher, who was an inmate of Theresienstadt, the German name for Terezin, ghetto-labor camp in Czechoslovakia from December 1942 - May 1945. Pendants and pins similar to this were made in the camp's art and technical department. Jiri's woodworking skill got him assigned to the camp technical department. Jiri was from Prague which was invaded in March 1939 by Germany and made part of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. Under the Nazi regime, Jiri was fired from his job because he was Jewish. That September, Germany invaded neighboring Poland. In September 1941, Heydrich, the SS chief of Reich security, became Reich Protector and soon there were almost daily deportations of Jews to concentration camps. In July, Jiri's parents, Anna and Julius, were deported, and in September, his brother Frantisek. In December 1942, Jiri, Irma, and daughter Michaela, 5, were sent to Theresienstadt. Jiri became part of a closeknit group of artists at the camp. Irma taught Jewish traditions in the secret classes held for children. Around late October 1944, Jiri was waiting for the transport train to Auschwitz, when an SS guard asked for men to repair a roof. Jiri volunteered and the train left before the roof was finished. The camp was taken over by the Red Cross on May 2, 1945. The war ended when Germany surrendered May 7. Jiri and his family returned to Prague in June. Most of their relatives were killed in German concentration camps.

Silver metal pendant sewn to paper with a cut out of the Terezin coat of arms made by Jiri Lauscher, who was an inmate of Theresienstadt, the German name for Terezin, ghetto-labor camp in Czechoslovakia from December 1942 - May 1945. Pendants and pins similar to this were made in the camp's art and technical department. Jiri's woodworking skill got him assigned to the camp technical department. Jiri was from Prague which was invaded in March 1939 by Germany and made part of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. Under the Nazi regime, Jiri was fired from his job because he was Jewish. That September, Germany invaded neighboring Poland. In September 1941, Heydrich, the SS chief of Reich security, became Reich Protector and soon there were almost daily deportations of Jews to concentration camps. In July, Jiri's parents, Anna and Julius, were deported, and in September, his brother Frantisek. In December 1942, Jiri, Irma, and daughter Michaela, 5, were sent to Theresienstadt. Jiri became part of a closeknit group of artists at the camp. Irma taught Jewish traditions in the secret classes held for children. Around late October 1944, Jiri was waiting for the transport train to Auschwitz, when an SS guard asked for men to repair a roof. Jiri volunteered and the train left before the roof was finished. The camp was taken over by the Red Cross on May 2, 1945. The war ended when Germany surrendered May 7. Jiri and his family returned to Prague in June. Most of their relatives were killed in German concentration camps.

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Details

  • Title: Cutout pendant of the Terezin coat of arms sewn to an envelope made by a former Jewish Czech inmate 1989.342.16.1-.2 front
  • Provenance: The pendant was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1989 by Jiri Lauscher., The pendant was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1989 by Jiri Lauscher.
  • Subject Keywords: Concentration camp inmates--Czech Republic--Terezín (Ustecky kraj)--Biography. Concentration camp inmates as artists--Czech Republic--Terezín (Ustecky kraj)--Biography. Holocaust survivors--Czech Republic--Prague--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Czech Republic--Personal narratives. Jews--Czech Republic--Prague--Biography. Woodworkers--Czech Republic--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, German., Concentration camp inmates--Czech Republic--Terezín (Ustecky kraj)--Biography. Concentration camp inmates as artists--Czech Republic--Terezín (Ustecky kraj)--Biography. Holocaust survivors--Czech Republic--Prague--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Czech Republic--Personal narratives. Jews--Czech Republic--Prague--Biography. Woodworkers--Czech Republic--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, German.
  • Type: Jewelry, Jewelry
  • Rights: Permanent Collection, Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: .1 Shield shaped, flat, silver colored metal pendant with a coronet on top. It has a cutout design of a stone wall with a central arch with a cutout ship within. On top of the wall is a crudely cut out, right facing lion with a double forked tail, standing on its 2 back legs, with a sword in the upraised left paw and the right resting on a shield. On the right and left are stone towers. The shield border, the crown, and the stones have etched lines filled in with white paint. A metal ring is attached to the top. White thread is threaded around the edges and it is sewn to an envelope (.2). .2 Discolored white envelope with a triangular, adhesive back flap with Czech text handwritten on the front., .1 Shield shaped, flat, silver colored metal pendant with a coronet on top. It has a cutout design of a stone wall with a central arch with a cutout ship within. On top of the wall is a crudely cut out, right facing lion with a double forked tail, standing on its 2 back legs, with a sword in the upraised left paw and the right resting on a shield. On the right and left are stone towers. The shield border, the crown, and the stones have etched lines filled in with white paint. A metal ring is attached to the top. White thread is threaded around the edges and it is sewn to an envelope (.2). .2 Discolored white envelope with a triangular, adhesive back flap with Czech text handwritten on the front.

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