King David was the king of Israel and of Judea. Born into the family of farmer Jesse in Bethlehem, from his childhood David tended his father’s sheep. As a child he was anointed by Prophet Samuel as the future king. David entered the court of King Saul as a young man where he played the harp, cheering up the king who was suffering from melancholy. When the war against the Philistines broke out, David fought against Goliath, a giant, and defeated him. As a result, King Saul appointed him the commander of his army. Soon David became the king. During his reign, Jerusalem became the capital of the state of Israel, where he moved the Ark of the Covenant.