This colossal painting depicts a scene from the hostile Java War (1825-1830), one of the most well-known battles of the ocolonial period. This war cost 20 milion Gulden, with hundreds of thousands of victims on both sides, in which half of Jogja's population died. The unfinished Diponegoro figure in this painting inspires multiple interpretations. Some have said the unfinished painting refers to the unfinished struggle of Diponegoro that is passed to the next generation. The Dutch won the war and arrested the oldest son of Sultan Hamengkubuwono III, yet the painting still inspires strong patriotic feelings.