Created by Edward Rochard, this doll, named "Miss Jewel," features an ornate necklace of 30 stanhopes, convex glass lenses encasing miniature photographs. Little is known about Rochard except that he received two patent applications in 1867 and 1868 for improving the production of stanhopes. Only a small number of doll heads inscribed with Rochard's mark exist today. The miniscule photographs in "Miss Jewel's" necklace suggest that she was made around 1870; they also document interesting events in history. A stanhope in the cross contains portraits of Pope Pius IX and the Swiss Prelate M. Mermillod. Mermillod ardently supported Pope Pius but had fallen out of favor with the pontiff by 1871. A second stanhope depicts the Nouveau Louvre in Paris, which was completed in 1870. A cutout in the doll's back allowed the necessary light to enter for viewing the stanhope pictures. Unfortunately, the kaleidoscope originally located in Miss Jewel's head and viewed through a small opening in her mouth, has been lost. Directories of French doll-makers never listed Rochard, giving rise to speculation that he made only the stanhopes and arranged for factory production of the dolls.


  • Title: Doll:Miss Jewel
  • Creator: Ed Rochard
  • Date Created: 1868-1870, 1868-1870
  • Location: France, France
  • Subject Keywords: Miss Jewell, Miss Jewell
  • Type: Dolls from the Nineteenth Century, Fashion Dolls, Dolls from the Nineteenth Century, Fashion Dolls
  • Medium: kid, glass, bisque, tinted, paint, mohair, textile, glass, leather, leather
  • Object ID: 74.155, 74.155
  • Artist: Ed Rochard

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