Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress in Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland. The castle stands upon the plug of an extinct volcano called Castle Rock. From its position, Edinburgh Castle overlooks Edinburgh’s Old and New Towns.The castle itself comprises 27 buildings, over 2.8 hectares.
During the Wars of Independence, the castle was the subject of multiple sieges with ownership of the castle changing hands several times. In 1314, the Scots regained control of the castle. After the Union of the Crowns in 1603, the castle was used as a military base and was a formidable stronghold used to hold prisoners of war.
Inside the castle is St. Margaret’s Chapel, Edinburgh’s oldest building. It’s named after Queen Margaret who died in the castle.
Nowadays, Edinburgh Castle hosts a number of well-known cultural events including the Edinburgh International Festival and the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.