This engraving depicts Theodore Roosevelt Island, which is home to the only memorial to President Theodore Roosevelt in the Nation’s Capital. Prior to being established in the 1930s, this small island had many names. It was first known as the Anacostan or Analostan Island, named after the Anacostia Native Americans that were relocated there in the 1600s. After George Mason purchased the island in the 1800s, it was known as Mason’s Island. It was a crucial location during the Civil War and was used by African American troops.
In the 1930s, the land was purchased by the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Association and redeveloped into a memorial for Roosevelt.