Fallen Caryatid Carrying Her Stone

Auguste Rodinc. 1881-82

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
Tokyo, Japan

This sculpture of a young woman belongs in a niche in the upper left column of The Gates of Hell. As it is placed in a high position of over 4 metres from the plinth, it is barely visible from ground level. However, here, it is presented as an independent sculpture of its own. In contrast to the ancient Greek caryatid in upright position lightly supporting a heavy stone beam, she is battered by the burden on her shoulders and is trying to endure the severe hardship half awake, half asleep. The dynamic struggle between the heaviness of the stone and her pose conveying the gravity from her right hand to her right leg results in a visually superb balance. This caryatid is a symbolic existence bearing the burden weighing heavily on mankind all on her own. (Source: The Digital Gallery. 1999-2006)


  • Title: Fallen Caryatid Carrying Her Stone
  • Creator Lifespan: 1840 - 1917
  • Creator Nationality: French
  • Creator Gender: Male
  • Creator Death Place: Meudon
  • Creator Birth Place: Paris
  • Date Created: c. 1881-82
  • Location Created: France
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings: Signed back of base: A. Rodin; Foundry mark lower right back of base: Alexis. Rudier / Fondeur. Paris
  • Sculptor: Auguste Rodin
  • Provenance: Kojiro Matsukata; Sequestered by the French Government, 1944; Returned to Japan, 1959.
  • Physical Dimensions: w320 x h440 x d300 mm
  • Object title (Japanese): 石を負うカリアティード
  • Object notes (Japanese): 本作品は、彫刻家ロダンの《地獄の門》の左柱上部の壁龕にある、石を肩に担ってうずくまる若い女の像である。《地獄の門》の台座から4メートル以上高い位置に置かれているこの像は、地上からはわずかに垣間見られるだけであるが、ここでは一つの自立した彫刻として姿を表している。古代ギリシャの、重い石の梁を軽やかに支えて直立するカリアティード(女人像柱)とは対照的に、肩にかかる重荷に打ちひしがれ、その過酷な苦難に半醒半睡のうちに耐えようとしている。石の荷重と、右手から右脚へと重力を伝える姿勢との力学的な拮抗が、見事に視覚的な均衡を実現している。彼女は、全人類にのしかかる重荷を一身に担う象徴的な存在なのである。(出典: デジタルギャラリー. 1999-2006)
  • Artist Name (Japanese): ロダン、オーギュスト
  • Type: Sculptures
  • Rights: Matsukata Collection, http://www.nmwa.go.jp/en/information/privacy.html
  • External Link: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
  • Medium: Bronze

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