The aircraft Fiat G.59 is one of the last high-performance aircraft equipped with a piston engine and it is a symbol of the re-birth of the Italian aeronautical industry after the Second World War. Moreover the Fiat G.59 is equipped with a Rolls Royce Merlin engine which is one the most advanced aircraft engine in its period. The Rolls Royce Merlin represents one of the latest evolution of the high-performance piston engine designed for aircraft propulsion before the turbojet application starting from the 50’s.
The significance of Rolls Royce Merlin in the history of aircraft engine development is widely stated in the technical and historic literature. Although a no tiny number of copies still exist nowadays, these ones have very high value and are usually exhibited in the most important engine collections as well as are used in historic airworthy airplanes.