Founded in October 1966 in Oakland, California, by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton, the Black Panther Party began as the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense and focused on protection within African American neighborhoods from police brutality. The BPP eventually expanded to other chapters throughout the country. One of the most popular chapters was the Illinois chapter, led by its charismatic Chairman, Fred Hampton. The Young Patriots were an organization founded in Chicago in the 1960s and it consisted of transplanted, impoverished Southern whites galvanized into activism by their own experiences with police brutality. The Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party and the Young Patriots formed a coalition in 1968 to address issues of police brutality and other problems facing Chicago's black community. This flyer was probably produced during the period of collaboration between the two organizations.