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Foundation figure of Ur-Nammu

-2112/-2095

British Museum

British Museum

This bronze figure represents Ur-Nammu, the ruler of Ur (about 2112-2095 BC). It was made for burial in the foundations of a temple of Uruk. It was one of the duties of a Mesopotamian king to care for the gods and restore or rebuild their temples. In the late third millennium BC, rulers in southern Mesopotamia depicted themselves carrying out this pious task. Ur-Nammu lifts up a large basket of earth for making bricks. The copper 'peg' acted as a record for posterity and to receive the god's blessing. The cuneiform inscription around and over the king's body states that Ur-Nammu dedicated the figure to Inana (Ishtar), the patron deity of Uruk. It also records the restoration of her temple called Eanna 'the house of heaven'. Her name appears to mean 'the lady of heaven'. She was associated with the goddess Ishtar and the planet known to us as Venus. Towards the end of the third millennium BC, southern Mesopotamia was united under the control of the city of Ur. Ur-Nammu founded the empire, which stretched into Iran. He was a prodigious builder. The most impressive monuments of his reign were ziggurats which he constructed at various cities. Although not unlike the stepped pyramids of Egypt in appearance, ziggurats were made of solid brickwork and did not have tombs inside.

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Details

  • Title: Foundation figure of Ur-Nammu
  • Date Created: -2112/-2095
  • Physical Dimensions: Height: 27.30cm
  • External Link: British Museum collection online
  • Registration number: 1919,0712.645
  • Place: Excavated/Findspot Temple of Inanna
  • Period/culture: Third Dynasty of Ur
  • Material: copper alloy
  • Copyright: Photo: © Trustees of the British Museum
  • Authority: Ruler Ur-Nammu
  • Acquisition: Purchased from G

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