Four-cornered hat

800–950 C.E.

Dallas Museum of Art

Dallas Museum of Art

The four-cornered hat was a popular high-status headdress in the south-central and southern Andean highlands among Huari (Wari) and Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku) elites. The finest Tiahuanaco examples are of continuous tapestry weave, while the Huari (Wari) examples reflect separate weaving of the band and top. The piling of supplemental fibers through lark’s head knots is common to Huari hats. In this example, the hat is woven with cotton and camelid fiber in an elaborate figural design common to headbands.

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  • Title: Four-cornered hat
  • Date Created: 800–950 C.E.
  • Physical Dimensions: 4 5/8 × 8 × 8 in. (11.68 × 20.32 × 20.32 cm)
  • Type: Textiles
  • External Link: https://www.dma.org/object/artwork/5336420/
  • Medium: Cotton and camelid fiber
  • period: Middle Horizon
  • culture: Wari (Huari) provincial
  • Credit Line: Dallas Museum of Art, The Nora and John Wise Collection, gift of Mr. and Mrs. Jake L. Hamon, the Eugene McDermott Family, Mr. and Mrs. Algur H. Meadows and the Meadows Foundation, Incorporated, and Mr. and Mrs. John D. Murchison