Guardian Spirits - Liberty Memorial Tower

Robert Aitken

National WWI Museum and Memorial

National WWI Museum and Memorial
Kansas City, United States

The Liberty Memorial Tower at the National World War I Museum and Memorial rises 217 feet above the main courtyard and 268 feet above the North Lawn. The cylindrical tower is 36 feet in diameter at its base, tapering to 28 feet at the top. The monument received designation as a National Historic Landmark in 2006 and recognition from Congress as a national memorial in 2014.

The tower is crowned with four sculptures, the Guardian Spirits. Carved by Robert Aitken and each standing 40-feet tall, the four Guardian Spirits watch over the Memorial from the top of the Tower. As protectors of peace, each guardian holds a sword and is named for the virtue it represents: Honor, Courage, Patriotism and Sacrifice.


  • Title: Guardian Spirits - Liberty Memorial Tower
  • Creator: Robert Aitken

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