HH Sri Janaki Subbamma Bai Sahib, Rani of Pudukkottai

Raja Ravi Varma1879

Raja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation

Raja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation
Bengaluru, India

Janaki Subbamma Bai Sahib, wife of HH Raja Ramachandra Tondaiman, was an intelligent and 'intriguing' woman, according to the British station-in-charge of Pudukkottai. After the Maharajah passed away, Janaki Subbamma was constantly at odds with the Dewan-Regent Seshaiah Sastri. The queen, was, however, a capable and resourceful woman who realised that in matters of governance the latter called the shots leaving her to protect her turf.


  • Title: HH Sri Janaki Subbamma Bai Sahib, Rani of Pudukkottai
  • Creator: Raja Ravi Varma
  • Creator Lifespan: 1848-04-29/1906-10-02
  • Creator Nationality: Indian
  • Creator Gender: Male
  • Creator Death Place: Kilimanoor, Kerala
  • Creator Birth Place: Kilimanoor, Kerala
  • Date Created: 1879
  • Physical Location: Pudukkottai
  • Location Created: Pudukkottai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Physical Dimensions: 40 x 52.6
  • Original Source: Pudukkottai Family Collection
  • Medium: Oil on canvas
  • Art Form: Painting
  • Collection: Private Collection
  • About the Artist: Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906), India’s foremost artist, who took art to the masses, hailed from Kilimanoor, in the erstwhile state of Travancore. From a very young age, Ravi Varma, was drawn towards art, imbibing techniques from his uncle and mentor Raja Raja Varma and his mother, Umayamba Bayi, a poet in her own right. Varma was much sought after by the Royals and owing to his popularity and reputation, his spectacular and richly-textured works were prolific. His realistic portrayals of contemporary figures and interpretations of religious and mythological figures fetched him instant and enduring success, lifting his standing in the art world. If the Royals and his countrymen were in awe of this great talent, the international world was spellbound by his imagination and creativity. He ensured that art would be accessible to all, through reproductions of his paintings which were made available, and affordable to everyone.

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