Bukhara, which is situated on the Silk Route, is more than 2,000 years old. It is the most complete example of a medieval city in Central Asia, with an urban fabric that has remained largely intact. Monuments of particular interest include the famous tomb of Ismail Samani, a masterpiece of tenth-century Muslim architecture, and a large number of seventeenth-century madrasas.

Criterion (ⅱ): The example of Bukhara in terms of its urban layout and buildings had a profound influence on the evolution and planning of towns in a wide region of Central Asia.

Criterion (ⅳ): Bukhara is the most complete and unspoiled example of a medieval Central Asian town whose urban fabric has been preserved to the present day.

Criterion (ⅵ): Between the ninth and sixteenth centuries, Bukhara was the largest centre of Muslim theology, particularly Sufism, in the Near East, with over two hundred mosques and more than a hundred madrasahs.

Country: Uzbekistan
Location: Bukhara region
Coordinates: N 59° 57′ 0″, E 30° 19′ 5.988″
Inscription year: 1990
Inscription criteria: ⅰ, ⅱ, ⅳ, ⅵ


  • Title: Historic Centre of Bukhara

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