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Hoarfrost

Théodore Rousseau1845

The Walters Art Museum

The Walters Art Museum

During the winter of 1844/45, Théodore Rousseau shared quarters with fellow painter Jules Dupré to the east of Paris, near l'Îsle-Adam on the Oise River. In this view showing the effects of frost on the sloping terrain, Rousseau broke with Academic practice by working outdoors for a week, painting directly on the canvas. In so doing, he bypassed the distinction between the outdoor sketch and the finished painting, which was traditionally completed in the studio.

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  • Title: Hoarfrost
  • Creator: Théodore Rousseau (French, 1812-1867)
  • Date Created: 1845
  • External Link: For more information about this and thousands of other works of art in the Walters Art Museum collection, please visit art.thewalters.org
  • Roles: Artist: Théodore Rousseau (French, 1812-1867)
  • Provenance: Paul Casimir-Périer, Paris, by purchase (from the artist); Durand-Ruel (date and mode of acquisition unknown); Troyon (date and mode of acquisition unknown); Troyon Sale, Paris, 1866, no. 568; Collection Bocquet, Lille (date and mode of acquisition unknown); Laurent-Richard Sale, Paris, 1873, no. 44; Durand-Ruel, 1873, by purchase; Collection Febore (date and mode of acquisition unknown); Beurnonville Sale, Paris, 1880, no. 45; Goupil (date and mode of acquisition unknown); Purchased by William T. Walters (through George A. Lucas as agent), Baltimore, December 26, 1882 [1]; inherited by Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1894; by bequest to Walters Art Museum, 1931. [1] The Diary of George A. Lucas, p. 555.
  • Object Type: oil paintings
  • Medium: oil on canvas
  • Geography: Place of Origin: Isle-Adam, L'
  • Exhibitions: From Rye to Raphael: The Walters Story. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2014-2016., The Road to Impressionism: Barbizon Landscapes from the Walters Art Museum. The Dixon Gallery and Gardens, Memphis; The Frick Art & Historical Center, Pittsburgh. 2008-2009., The Road to Impressionism: Landscapes from Corot to Manet. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2004-2005., Triumph of French Painting: Masterpieces from Ingres to Matisse. Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore; Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa; Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach; Dayton Art Institute, Dayton; Royal Academy of Arts, London; Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo. 2000-2002., 19th Century Masterpieces from the Walters Art Museum. Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara; Jack S. Blanton Museum of Art, Austin. 2010-2011., A Magnificent Age: Masterpieces from the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore; The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City; Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte. 2002-2004., The Rise of Landscape Painting in France: Corot to Monet. The Currier Gallery of Art, Manchester, Manchester; IBM Gallery of Science and Art; Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas; High Museum of Art, Atlanta. 1991-1992., The Works of Antoine-Louis Barye. American Art Gallery (New York), New York. 1889-1890., A Baltimorean in Paris: George A. Lucas, 1860-1909. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1979., Before Monet: Landscape Painting in France and Impressionist Masters: Highlights from The Walters Collection. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1998., Highlights from the Collection. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1998-2001., Vive la France! French Treasures from the Middle Ages to Monet. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1999-2000., Barbizon Revisited. Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco; Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo; The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston. 1962-1963., Theodore Rousseau, 1812-1867. Musée du Louvre, Paris. 1967-1968.
  • Dimensions: H: 25 x W: 38 9/16 in. (63.5 x 98 cm); Framed H with build-up: 40 1/8 x W: 53 7/8 x D: 7 in. (101.92 x 136.84 x 17.78 cm)
  • Credit Line: Acquired by William T. Walters, 1882
  • Classification: Painting & Drawing
  • Accession Number: 37.25

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