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Imperial Russia, gold 10 ruble coin saved by a Jewish Polish family living in hiding with partisans 2010.416.2 front

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

10 ruble gold coin hidden by Shanke Minuskin when she and her family lived with partisans in the Lipichanski forest in Poland (Bialowieza Forest (Poland and Belarus) from 1942-1944. The coins were used to bargain for food, clothing, and weapons from the local peasants; if the currency was not accepted, force often was used instead. Shanke, her husband, Shlamke, her sons, 3 year old Henikel and 1 year old Kalmanke, fled Zhetel, Poland, shortly after it was occupied by Germany in June 1941. Shlamke escaped to the Belorussian forest where he joined a group of partisan fighters. Shanke and the children fled a few days later. They were hiding in a root cellar near the forest when Shlamke found them. He participated in the guerrilla action against the Germans while Shanke repaired and sewed clothing. The area was liberated by the Soviet Army in September 1944. When the war ended in May 1945, the family went to the Zeilsheim displaced persons camp in Germany and then emigrated to the United States in September 1946.

10 ruble gold coin hidden by Shanke Minuskin when she and her family lived with partisans in the Lipichanski forest in Poland (Bialowieza Forest (Poland and Belarus) from 1942-1944. The coins were used to bargain for food, clothing, and weapons from the local peasants; if the currency was not accepted, force often was used instead. Shanke, her husband, Shlamke, her sons, 3 year old Henikel and 1 year old Kalmanke, fled Zhetel, Poland, shortly after it was occupied by Germany in June 1941. Shlamke escaped to the Belorussian forest where he joined a group of partisan fighters. Shanke and the children fled a few days later. They were hiding in a root cellar near the forest when Shlamke found them. He participated in the guerrilla action against the Germans while Shanke repaired and sewed clothing. The area was liberated by the Soviet Army in September 1944. When the war ended in May 1945, the family went to the Zeilsheim displaced persons camp in Germany and then emigrated to the United States in September 1946.

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  • Title: Imperial Russia, gold 10 ruble coin saved by a Jewish Polish family living in hiding with partisans 2010.416.2 front
  • Provenance: The Imperial Russian coin was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Harold Minuskin, the son of Sonia Minuskin., The Imperial Russian coin was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Harold Minuskin, the son of Sonia Minuskin.
  • Subject Keywords: Hidden children in the Holocaust--Belarus--Dziatlava--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Belarus--Dziatlava--Personal narratives. Jewish children in the Holocaust--Belarus--Dziatlava. Jewish refugees--Germany--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance--Personal narratives. Lenin Partisan Brigade (Belarus)--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Belarus--Personal narratives., Hidden children in the Holocaust--Belarus--Dziatlava--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Belarus--Dziatlava--Personal narratives. Jewish children in the Holocaust--Belarus--Dziatlava. Jewish refugees--Germany--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance--Personal narratives. Lenin Partisan Brigade (Belarus)--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Belarus--Personal narratives.
  • Type: Exchange Media, Exchange Media
  • Rights: Permanent Collection, Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Circular, gold colored metal coin with a grooved rim on both sides. The front has an embossed left profile portrait bust of Czar Nicholas II with short hair and a beard with Russian Cyrillic text along the rim. The reverse has the Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire: a crowned double-headed eagle facing outwards with open wings and an emblem on its chest, holding a scepter and orb. The denomination, 10, and year, 1898, are below. There is incuse lettering around the edge with the mintmaster’s initials in Cyrillic., Circular, gold colored metal coin with a grooved rim on both sides. The front has an embossed left profile portrait bust of Czar Nicholas II with short hair and a beard with Russian Cyrillic text along the rim. The reverse has the Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire: a crowned double-headed eagle facing outwards with open wings and an emblem on its chest, holding a scepter and orb. The denomination, 10, and year, 1898, are below. There is incuse lettering around the edge with the mintmaster’s initials in Cyrillic.

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