Initial D: A Skull in a Rocky Field

Taddeo Crivelliabout 1469

The J. Paul Getty Museum

The J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, United States

Inside an initial D, a skull sits on a green rock. A gruesome reminder of death, this image introduces the Office of the Dead. In addition to being an integral part of funeral services, devout Christians read this prayer service daily to prepare themselves spiritually for death.


  • Title: Initial D: A Skull in a Rocky Field
  • Creator: Taddeo Crivelli
  • Date Created: about 1469
  • Location Created: Ferrara, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • Physical Dimensions: Leaf: 10.8 × 7.9 cm (4 1/4 × 3 1/8 in.)
  • Type: Folio
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Tempera colors, gold paint, gold leaf, and ink on parchment
  • Terms of Use: Open Content
  • Number: 83.ML.109.106
  • Culture: Italian
  • Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Ms. Ludwig IX 13, fol. 106
  • Creator Display Name: Taddeo Crivelli (Italian, died about 1479, active about 1451 - 1479)
  • Classification: Manuscripts (Documents)

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