J. EDGAR HOOVER (1895–1972) served as the first director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. 2451888). Born and raised in DC, he earned his law degree at George Washington University night school. Hoover joined the Department of Justice in 1917 and rose to the Director’s office at the age of 29. He reformed the FBI by removing political appointees and re-instituting legal and/or accounting backgrounds for agents. Hoover led the 1940s domestic security efforts against Nazi infiltration and against Communist suspects in the 1950s. He instituted the FBI’s 10 Most Wanted list in 1950.