In the postwar period, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (“the Joint”) played a major role in Poland, shipping vital supplies to the needy, promoting economic activity, and supporting a network of schools, homes, hospitals, and cultural institutions. Dzierzoniow, in Lower Silesia, became a major Jewish resettlement center. Survivors went there to begin new lives. The Joint partnered with the Organization for Rehabilitation through Training (ORT) to develop vocational training programs in needlework, radio technology, carpentry, and cardboard working. Cooperatives were established in order to provide jobs, helping surviving Jews support their families.